If you want to travel to Canada, you might need a visa. A few countries are exempt from Canada visas, but many more need it. If you need one, you should know about a visa and passport. The application process for a Canadian visa is often performed through the Canadian government website. To know more about the Canada visa application, visit A Complete Guide to Canada Visa Application.
Who needs and Does not Need a Canada visa?
If you need a Canada visa or no depends on:
- Your nationality
- Duration of your stay
- The purpose of your visit
You should know that there are two types of Canada visas:
- Short stay visa
- Long-stay visa A few nationalities are exempt
- from Canada short-stay visas. Yet, many more need it. If you need to stay in Canada for longer than 90 days, you need a long stay visa. The type of visa depends on the purpose of your trip.
Canada Visa Requirements
If you need a Canada visa to travel to this country, one important part of the visa application is gathering requirements. You have to submit the requirements to the authorities. If you fail to provide them, your application will get rejected. If there is a fault in them, the processing time will be longer. In case you want to know more about the Canada visa application, please visit the General Canada Visa Requirements blog.
The requirements for a Canada visa are as follows:
It must be valid for at least six months over the date you will leave Canada. It must also have been issued in the past ten years.
You should provide two passport size photos. It must have been taken in the past three months, not older.
You can download the form from the Canadian government immigration website service of the Canadian embassy website in your home country.
Proof to have enough funds
You must state that you have enough money to cover your expenses in Canada.
Civil status proof
- Birth certificates.
- National identity cards.
- Marriage certificates.
- Divorce/annulment certificates.
If you have had another passport, you should provide them as well. It could improve your chance of getting a visa.
You should provide the complete plan for your trip, places you will visit, people you will meet.
You must provide a clean record certificate from the Police station in your home country.
If you are visiting friends, family, or business people, you should provide an invitation letter from them.
You should prove through a medical exam that you are in good health conditions.
Proof of accommodation
You must provide evidence of the place you will stay in Canada. It could be a hotel reservation or rental agreement. If you are staying with a host, you should provide his/her name, address, and contact details.
Requirements Based on Your Job Status
If you are self-employed
- Registration certificate of your company
- Income Tax Return
- Bank statements for the past six months
If you are retired
- Retirement order
- Payment receipt
- Income Tax Return
If you are s student
- Permission leave from your school/university.
- If under 18, consent letter from parents
Please note that you should have the original documents translated into English/French.
One essential part of visa requirements is photos. The photo you provide gets used to recognize your face. Since many applicants apply online, the Canadian government has particular regulations for a visa photo. You can not take a visa photo in any photography. The photographer must verify the photo that is taken from you.
To find out more information about the photo requirements, you can visit the Canada Visa Photo Requirements blog.
Canada Visa Application process
The application process for a Canada visa is as follows:
Find the visa you need
You should find the visa that suits you depending on the purpose of your trip and the duration of your stay.
Gather the requirements
You should collect the requirements as we mentioned above. Please note that the authorities might ask for more requirements.
Schedule an appointment
You should get an appointment with the Canadian embassy or consulate in your home country. Please remember to bring requirements, applications, and passport.
Pay the fees
Depending on the visa type and the country you apply from, you should pay the fee for application processing.
During the visa appointment, the authorities might ask you to go through an interview. They will ask you about your background and the purpose of your trip. Be honest and give true answers.
Now you should wait until your visa gets processed. It depends on:
- Your case
- Canadian Embassy workload
- Political situation
If your application gets processed, the authorities will send the visa to your address. If it gets denied, they will send you a letter explaining the reason.
Canada Temporary Visas
Canada is a popular destination. Many people travel for tourism, business, holiday, visiting friends and family, etc. There are specific visas for short visits to Canada. The type of Canada short-stay you need depends on the purpose of your visit to Canada. You need to pick the right type of visa for your trip to Canada. There are different rules for each type of short-stay visa. If you need to know more temporary visas of Canada, please visit Canada Temporary Visas blog.
Canada Non-immigrant visa (short-stay)
1. Visitor Visa
If you want to visit Canada for a holiday, sightseeing, or visit friends and family, you can apply for a Canada tourist visa. Sometimes it gets called a Canada visitor visa. The tourist visa you will receive might be a single entry or multiple entries. To get more familiar with a tourist visa, please visit All about Canada Tourist visa blog.
Diplomatic and Official Visa
The Canadian government introduced diplomatic and official visas for the diplomats and officials of foreign countries. They can apply for this visa to conduct their diplomatic mission in Canada. While a few countries are exempt and can apply for eTA, many more need a diplomatic visa. To know more about this visa, you can visit Canada Diplomatic and Official Visa blog.
Some foreign nationals are of high importance. Such people might have diplomatic missions in Canada. But, they don’t qualify for a diplomatic visa. The Canadian government has introduced a courtesy visa for them. They can apply for a courtesy visa to conduct their mission in Canada. To get more familiar with this visa, please go through the All You Need To Know About Canada Courtesy Visa blog.
An eTA is short for Electronic Travel Authorization for Canada. eTA is a fast travel document for countries that don’t need a Canada visa. The eTA lets you get fast entry to Canada. You don’t have to go through the paperwork of a visa to get an eTA. It lets you stay up to six months in Canada. You can use eTA to enter Canada for tourism and business purposes as well. To know if you can apply for an eTA, please visit eTA – Electronic Travel Authorization for Canada blog.
2. Family visa
As the name of this visa group suggests, it got introduced for family purposes. It includes:
If parents or grandparents want to visit their children or grandchildren in Canada, they can apply for a Canada super visa. It also gets called a parent visa. You can apply for a tourist visa to see your relatives in Canada. But a Canada tourist visa is only valid for six months. The super visa is valid for two years. Please remember that if you want to apply for a super visa, your child or grandchild must be Canadian Permanent Residents or Canadian Citizens. To know if you need a super visa or not, please visit A complete guide to Canada super visa blog.
3. Student visa
You can start your studies in Canada with this visa. It is the same as a Visitor Visa and eTA. But students need a study permit as well. So the Canada student visa is a mixture of a visitor visa, study permit, and an eTA.
By a Canada study visa, you can only start studying at Designated Learning Institutions (DLI). By a study permit, you can:
- stay in Canada until your program ends
- work while you are enrolled in school
- or work after you graduate
To get more information about student visa, you can visit Step by Step Guide to Canada Student Visa blog.
4. Work visa
The Canada temporary work visa is as follows:
Temporary Foreign Workers Program
The Temporary Foreign Worker Program comes under the Canada temporary work visas. It provides opportunities for you as a foreign worker to get a job in Canada. With a TFWP, you may only work in Canada for six months. But you can extend it. When you are in Canada under a TFWP, you have to work only for one employer. Also, You have to obey the Canadian rules. When the visa expiry gets close, you can extend it as well. In this stage, if you find a new employer, you can extend your visa to work for him/her. To find out more about the TFWP, you can visit How to Get a Job in Canada with a Temporary Foreign Worker Program? blog.
Open Work Permit
Canada Open Work Permit allows you to move to Canada to work. To do so, you need a job offer from a Canadian employer. The employer in Canada needs a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from the Canadian authorities to hire a foreign worker. But in the open work permit, they don’t need to get the LMIA. In this program, when you arrive in Canada, you can change your employer and the location you work for. To find out more about the Canada Open work Permit, you can visit How to apply for a Canada Open Work Permit? blog.
Post Graduate Work Permit (PGWP)
If your student visa in Canada is about to expire, but you want to get job experience, then Post Graduate Work Permit is your option. The Canadian government allows foreign students to get work experience under the PGWP. To find out more about PGWP, you could visit Canada Post Graduate Work Permit (PGWP) blog.
Working Holiday Visa
If you want to travel to Canada but don’t have enough money, you can apply for a Working Holiday Visa. It allows you to get a job in Canada and visit the tourist attractions. To get this visa, the country you live in must have an agreement with Canada to exchange young workers. If not, you can contact a Recognized Organization (RO) to get help.
If you need to know more about Canada Working Holiday Visa, you could pay a visit to How to apply for Canada working holiday visa blog.
5. Business Visa
If you want to visit Canada for business purposes, then the Canada business visa is for you. It allows you to enter Canada for a limited time to:
- Visit businesses or industries
- Sign contracts
- Discuss business matters
- Attend meetings, etc.
Please remember that under a business visa, you can not get any paid job. To get more Info about business visa FAQs, please visit Everything you need to know about Canada Business Visa blog.
6. Other visas
Visa for the Purpose of Giving Birth
Within the Canada temporary visa, there is one visa for pregnant women to enter the country and give birth. The Canadian government does not prohibit pregnant women from entering the country. When the woman gives birth, the child becomes a Canadian citizen. He/she can claim for a Canadian passport. This is true even if the parents are not residents or citizens.If you want to know more about this visa, please visit How to get a visa to legally give birth in Canada blog.
The Canada Facilitation Visa is for Canadian citizens who have dual citizenship. Due to various reasons, such people might have lost or don’t have a Canadian passport. They can apply for a Facilitation Visa to enter Canada and do whatever business they might have. To know more about Facilitation visa, you can visit All you need to know about the Canada Facilitation Visa blog.
Intending Organ Donors Visa
Thousands of foreigners live in Canada. Some of them need an organ transplant. So the Canadian government introduced an Intending Organ Donors Visa. You can apply for this visa to donate your organ to your family members or friends. Please remember that you can not sell your organ to one of Canadian citizens or residents. If the government suspects of organ trafficking, they will ban you from entering Canada. In case you need to know more, you can visit What is Canada Organ Donor Visa blog.
Canada Immigrant visa (Long-stay)
1. Work visa
Canada long-stay work visas are as follows:
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) you can get a job and permanent residence in Canada. Every year the government releases the type and number of needed skilled workers. You submit your profile and get the chance to be invited to apply for a visa. The function is like a lottery. But the opportunity of getting a visa is high because the government needs workers.
To find out out more about Canada Federal Skilled Trades Program, you can go through the Federal Skilled Trades Program blog.
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
The Federal Skilled Worker Program is a platform to hire the most qualified and experienced workers in Canada. If you meet the requirements, you can apply for FSWP and move to Canada. You must have a job offer in a highly skilled job position from a Canadian employer as well. Please remember that the processing time can take from 6-1 year. It’s also very competitive.
To know more about FAWP, you can visit Canada Federal Skilled Worker Program blog.
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
The Canadian provinces except Nunavut and Quebec have a PNP for themselves. They can nominate immigrants who want to move to Canada. They may nominate students, highly skilled workers, businessmen, etc. It depends on their necessity. You can apply for a nomination to the province you want to live in. It improves your chance of getting a permanent residency.
To receive more info on PNP, you could go through Canada Provincial Nominee Program blog
Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
The Canadian government has introduced the Canadian Experience Class for foreign workers who want to get permanent residence. If you have worked full-time in Canada for one year or part-time for three years, you are eligible for Canadian Experience Class. After a few years of staying in Canada under CEC, you can apply for citizenship and get a Canadian passport.
Quebec-Selected Skilled Workers Program (QSWP)
The immigration rules vary in different Canadian provinces. They have their regulation. This is true for Quebec province. Quebec has QSWP for getting skilled foreign workers. If you want to permanently live in Quebec, you can apply for QSWP. In case you get selected, you can find a job and accommodation in Quebec to continue to live there. If you have one of the occupations that Quebec needs and are fluent in French, you can apply for this visa.
You can visit All You Need to Know about the Quebec Skilled Workers Program blog to find more information about it.
Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIPP)
The Canada Atlantic Immigration Pilot allows you to live and work in one of Canada’s four Atlantic provinces:
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- New Brunswick
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
If Canadian employers in one of these four provinces could not find workers to meet their demand, they can hire foreign nationals.
To know more Atlantic Atlantic Immigration Pilot program, you can visit A Guideline to the Latest Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program blog.
2. Business visa
Canada Start-Up Visa
In case you have an innovative idea and want to start a new business in Canada, the Canada Start-Up Visa is your option. There are particular requirements and eligibility that you have to meet for this visa. You must:
- Have at least CAD$300,000.
- Own and manage at least one-third of a Canadian business
- Keep employment within three years of being in the country.
- These are only a few of the requirements. There are more than you have to fulfill.
T receive more information about Canada startup visa, you can take a look at Top Facts About Canada Startup Visa blog.
Canada Self-Employed Visa
If you want to immigrate to Canada to live as a self-employed person, you need a Canada Self-Employed Visa. Almost everyone with cultural, athletic business or farming experience can apply for this visa. Yet, there are other requirements you have to fulfill.
You can know more about Canada self-employed visa by looking at How to Get a Canada Self employed visa? blog.
3. Family visa
Canada Family Sponsorship
If you are a permanent resident or citizen of Canada and have a family member who wants to immigrate to Canada, you can support them through Canada Family Sponsorship. As the sponsor and your family member, you must fulfill a few requirements to be eligible for this visa.
To know more about Canada Family Sponsorship, you can look at What is Canada Family Sponsorship? blog.
Canada Refugee Programs
If you have to flee the country you live in or can not return to it due to one of the following reason, you can apply for Canada Refugee Programs:
- NAtural disaster
The Canadian refugee program has two main parts:
- Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program. This is for people who need support from outside Canada.
- In-Canada Asylum Program. This program got designed for people making refugee protection claims from within Canada.