What is eTA, and who can apply for eTA?


You are going to visit Canada? Did you know that you might need a visa to do so? Whether you need a Canada visa or not depends on different factors.

This article will explain if you need a Canada visa or not, how to make 100% sure that you need it or not.

Who needs and doesn’t need a Canada visa?

Whether you need a Canada visa or not, rides on various elements. First, you need to know that there are two types of Canada visa:



This group of visas allows you to stay in Canada for the short-term. The top duration of stay is six months under this category. You may not stay longer than it. Also, you may not extend the most visas of this part.



You have permission to stay for longer than six months under this category. It allows staying for even years. The time you can stay depends on the visa regulation.


Purpose of visit

Another determining factor is the purpose of the visit. Why do you want to visit Canada? There are different purposes for your visit:

  • Visiting friends, family, or tourist attractions.
  • Work
  • Study
  • Complete diplomatic mission
  • Do research
  • Get medical care

The visa you choose must match the purpose of your visit. The visa must allow you to do what you want. If it doesn’t, choose another type of visa.



Your nationality is another factor that determines you need a visa or not. A few countries don’t need a visa to enter Canada. They have a visa waiver agreement with Canada. Their nationals can travel to Canada with a passport or travel document. They can stay for up to six months in the country.

US citizens are one example. If you have a passport issued from the US government, you can stay in Canada for up to six months without a visa. But the rules to study or work are different.


Who needs a Canada visa?

A few countries need a Canada visa. They need a Canada short-stay visa. Such countries have to apply for a visa even if they want to stay in Canada for one day. The list of them are as follows Asia

Afghanistan Kazakhstan
Armenia NorthKorea


Azerbaijan Kuwait
Bahrain Kyrgyzstan
Bangladesh Laos
China Lebanon
East Timor Macao Special Administrative Region
Georgia Malaysia
India Maldives Islands
Indonesia Mongolia
Iran Nepal
Iraq Oman
Israel * Pakistan
Jordan Russia
Palestinian Authority Saudi Arabia
Sri Lanka Syria
Taiwan Tajikistan
Thailand Turkey
Turkmenistan Vietnam
Uzbekistan Yemen


*Israel citizens must have a valid Israeli “Travel Document in lieu of National Passport”


Algeria The central African Republic


Ghana Mauritius Somalia
Angola Chad Guinea Morocco South Africa
Benin Comoros Guinea-Bissau Mozambique South Sudan
Bhutan Democratic Republic of Congo


Ivory Coast Namibia Sudan
Botswana The Republic of Congo,


Kenya Niger Swaziland
Burkina Djibouti Lesotho Nigeria Tanzania
Faso Egypt Liberia Philippines Togo
Burma (Myanmar) Equatorial Guinea Libya Rwanda Tunisia
Burundi Eritrea Madagascar Sao Tomé e Principe Uganda
Cambodia Ethiopia Malawi Senegal Zambia
The Republic of Cameroon


Gabon Mali Seychelles  


Cape Verde The Gambia Mauritania Sierra Leone


Albania Moldova
Belarus Montenegro
Bosnia-Herzegovina Romania
Kosovo Serbia
North Macedonia Ukraine


North America


Antigua and Barbuda

El Salvador Nicaragua
Belize Grenada Panama
The Republic of Costa Rica,


Guatemala Kitts and Nevis
Cuba Haiti Lucia
Dominica Honduras Vincent and the Grenadines (St. Vincent)


Dominican Republic Jamaica



Fiji Palau
Kiribati Tonga
Marshall Islands Tuvalu
Micronesia, Fed. States Vanuatu


South America

Argentina Bolivia Brazil * Colombia
Ecuador Guyana Paraguay Peru
Surinam Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay Venezuela



* Some Brazilian citizens may be eligible for an eTA if they meet certain requirements)


Who doesn’t need a Canada visa?

The people who fall under the below categories don’t need a Canada visa:

  • You hold a valid Canadian visa from your previous application.
  • People who have a valid Residence Permit in Canada. They have left the country to visit:
    • The US
    • Pierre
    • Miquelon
  • You are a French citizen who is living in St. Pierre and Miquelon. You are coming to Canada from the mentioned destinations.
  • Your flight passes through Canada, and you are coming or going to the US if you have entered the US or have permission to enter the US.
  • Your flight has to make a sudden unscheduled stop in Canada.
  • The following job titles that will be working in Canada while there are in the country:
    • Flight crews
    • Accident investigators
    • Civil aviation inspectors
  • The Canadian government must have accredited them.
  • People who have permission to transit through Canada.
  • People with the Military or Armed Forces, part of the Visiting Forces Act. They have official responsibilities or tasks in Canada.


How to make 100% sure you don’t need a Canada visa?

There is an easy and guaranteed way to know whether you need a Canada visa or not. The source is the Canadian government. It will tell you if you need a visa or not. But you should know the details of your visit. The official website of the Government of Canada will tell you everything. It has a tool that tells you whether you need a visa or not.

As explained, you should have a few details about your visit. The tool asks you to answer a few questions in different steps:

  • The type of your travel document
  • The country you are from.
  • The purpose of your visit.
  • Length of your stay.


If the tool stays that you need a visa, you have to apply for the visa that suits your purpose.


What is eTA, and who can apply for it?

The eTA is short for Electronic Travel Authorization. It is a replacement for a Canada visitor visa. It allows foreign nationals to enter Canada easily and fast. An eTA is an online travel document. When you have the passport of the eligible countries, you can apply online. All the procedures for an eTA are online. Even there is no sticker on your passport. When you reach the Canadian Border, the officials will check your passport. The information will appear on the system, and you may enter Canada.


Let’s sum up…

This text explained whether you need a Canada visa or not. It covered everything about whether you have to apply for a Canada visa or not. By going through the text, you make sure you need a Canada visa or not.

If you need a Canada visa and want to find the visa that suits you, visit the left-sidebar.

Providing that you have some experience with visas, write them in the comment section. Visa applicants would be delighted to know them. They are worthy tips.

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