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Are you going to move to Germany as a skilled worker? The strongest economy in Europe is always in need of skilled workers. You just need to know what to do, and this article brings you everything on how to immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker. 

Which Skilled Workers Are in Demand in Germany?

The skilled worker shortage in Germany spans various sectors, including IT, healthcare, engineering, and skilled trades. Opportunities exist for those with backgrounds in STEM, manufacturing, renewable energy, languages, finance, and the arts. If you’re considering finding work in Germany, it’s important to keep up with the latest market trends and immigration regulations about the types of skilled workers needed in Germany.

What Qualifies as a Skilled Worker in Germany?

What qualifies as a skilled worker in Germany? Skilled workers come in two categories:

  • People with professional training
  • People with academic training

Some common criteria answer the question: “What is considered a skilled worker in Germany?”

  • Most skilled workers in Germany complete a vocational training program in a trade like plumbing, carpentry, or electricity.
  • Several skilled workers have accepted academic degrees, such as a Bachelor’s or Master’s in engineering or a medical degree.
  • Professionals with extensive experience usually have between two and five years of experience in their field.
  • Certain occupations require specific licenses or certifications, such as doctors (Approbation), lawyers (Bar Exam), or electricians (Electrical Installer).
  • Most skilled workers must have a basic understanding of the German language, usually at the B1 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR).

Whatever your degree is, it must be recognized and accepted by German authorities. If you have professional training, completing an officially recognized professional training program is necessary. To immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker, German law requires at least two years.

Common Types of German Visas for Foreign Skilled Workers

Let’s talk about the most common German visas you can get to immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker:

  • Employment Visa (Job-Seeker Visa). Germany Skilled Workers Visas, or German Job Seeker Visas, are for skilled workers seeking employment in Germany. A maximum of six months can be spent searching for a job in the country.
  • Job-Seeker Visa Extension. Extending this visa to an Employment Residence Permit is possible if you find a job within six months.
  • Blue Card (EU Blue Card). Non-EU workers who are highly qualified can work and live in Germany with the Blue Card. A minimum salary threshold is typically required in an employment contract.

What are the Requirements to Immigrate to Germany as a Skilled Worker? 

To immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker, you must fulfill the requirements below to be qualified as a skilled worker in Germany: 

Recognized Degree 

As mentioned, to succeed in your field, you need to have the appropriate education and experience. Qualifications like a high school diploma or college degree are common examples. 

According to the changes to immigration law, you can submit your application before your degree gets recognized. Also, in some cases, you can immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker and begin your work before your degree gets recognized. Your employer should inform you of these matters. 

Job Offer 

It’s mandatory to have a job offer from a German employer inside the country. You should find a job that matches your qualifications, and that is in an industry that has a high demand for skilled workers. It must lead to a written contract with details about the employment. In Germany, it is called “Erklärung zum BeschäftigungsverhältnisIf the employer.” 

Recognition of Qualifications

Having foreign qualifications may require official recognition by German authorities. Known as “Recognition of Foreign Qualifications,” the government carries out this process. In some majors, like dentistry and medicine, you must receive a degree from the government and pass a test. If you have completed your education in Germany, you don’t need to get recognition for your degree. 

Work Permit

When German officials agree with the job offer, they will issue a work permit. You need it to apply for a work visa and enter the country. The work permit is permission to work in Germany, while the visa is authorization to enter the country. You must get the permit before the visa. You may need a different type of permit based on your qualifications and the purpose of your stay.

Being Able to Leave Your Home Country

Applicants must have a valid passport or travel documents to leave their home country. Also, it’s mandatory to submit a clean record certificate most of the time. It indicates that the employee has not been involved in criminal activities.  

Visa Supporting Documents 

You must send the work permit requirements to the employer, and they submit them to the German authorities. Then, you must submit the work visa documents to the German embassy in your home country. 

Not all non-EU nationals need a visa. A citizen of a group of particular countries can immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker and stay for up to 90 days. Some of these countries are:

  • US 
  • Canada 
  • Israel 
  • Japan 
  • South Korea 
  • Australia 

Financial Independence 

Proof of sufficient funds might be required to demonstrate financial means. Student visas and job-seeking visas generally require a minimum income of about €8,640 per year (as of 2021). For most professions, the minimum gross annual salary for applying for a Blue Card in 2021 was €56,800.

Health Insurance

Many well-known health insurance providers in Germany include AOK, TK (Techniker Krankenkasse), and Barmer. Various private health insurance companies are also available, as well as public health insurance options.

Background Checks

A background check may require you to submit a police clearance certificate from your home country or a clean criminal record. As a result of these documents, you demonstrate that you do not have a criminal record or outstanding issues that may hinder your ability to live and work in Germany.

Infographic Immigration to Germany as a skilled worker

How to Immigrate to Germany as a Skilled Worker?

How can I immigrate to Germany for work? You must follow these steps to immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker;

Step 1. Check Eligibility

To immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker, ensure you have a job offer, the required language skills, and the relevant qualifications before applying. Other fundamental qualifying criteria include possessing the essential qualifications. The full requirements are mentioned in the above sections.

Step 2. Recognize Qualifications

First, make an inquiry to appropriate authorities to get insight into the recognition procedure. Accurately translated versions of your transcripts and diplomas in German will be required. After that, you can apply for recognition and send in your payment. The relevant German authority will next conduct a thorough evaluation of your credentials against those requirements and may request further testing or documentation from you. 

When you’re done, you’ll find out whether or not your credentials are recognized in Germany. If successful, you may need to join relevant professional organizations and conform to other criteria.

Step 3. Secure a Job Offer

Find a job in Germany that matches your qualifications. Jobs portals, company websites, recruitment agencies, networking, apprenticeships, and apprenticeship programs.

In addition to the title and description of the job, salary, and benefits, working hours, probationary and notice periods, leave policies, termination conditions, location, contract duration, references to collective agreements (if applicable), and signatures from both parties should all be included in the job contract.

Step 4. Learn German

To immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker successfully, it is recommended that you improve your German language skills because fluency in the language is often necessary for most skilled worker professions. Achieve a CEFR level of B1 or higher as a minimum goal.

Step 5. Apply for a Work Visa

Get a job offer in Germany that checks all the boxes regarding your skillset and, if necessary, your wage expectations. The next step is gathering all of the required paperwork, which may include but is not limited to:

  • A valid passport.
  • A visa application form.
  • A recent biometric passport photo.
  • A copy of your employment contract.
  • Copies of your academic credentials.
  • Proof of medical coverage. 

Apply for your visa at the German consulate or embassy in your native country and be prepared to undergo an interview where biometric data may be requested. A visa sticker, valid for entry into Germany, will be affixed to your passport after a variable processing period.

Step 6. Apply for a Residence Permit

Entry into Germany on a valid visa, either a National Visa if you already have a job lined up or a Job-Seeker Visa if you are still looking for work, is the first step in this process. Within the first two weeks of arrival, you must register your address with the local registration office. The residence permit process also requires proof of health insurance. The next thing to do is to visit the Foreigners’ Registration Office in your area and apply for a residence permit. 

You must provide documentation of your identity, employment, registration, and medical coverage. There could also be a need for an interview and/or biometric data. If your application is successful, you will be granted a residence permit valid in Germany.

Step 7. Residence Registration

Within a week or two of your arrival, you must go to the local registration office (Einwohnermeldeamt) and register your address. You’ll need to fill out an application for registration, which you may get online or at the registration office. 

Passports or other forms of identification, rental agreements (Wohnungsgeberbestätigung), landlord confirmations, and completed registration forms are typically required in addition to the form itself. It’s best to double-check with the local registration office to be sure you have everything you need, including an appointment if that’s a prerequisite in your area.

Step 8. Integration Courses

After you immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker, you can enroll in integration classes. It is common for integration programs to combine a German language course (Deutschkurs) with an orientation course (Orientierungskurs) to better acclimate newcomers to German culture. The language course is designed to help you become more fluent in German and is typically broken down into levels, from A1 for complete beginners to B2 for advanced speakers. 

The course introduces learners to the German way of life by discussing the country’s history, political structure, and legal framework. Language schools and other providers like Volkshochschulen (centers for adult education) offer integration classes. Learn more by contacting your regional Ausländerbehörde or exploring the web for classes.

Step 9. Permanent Residency

Settlement Permit (Niederlassungserlaubnis) applications for permanent residency in Germany follow a timeframe. Qualification usually requires five years of living and working in Germany. You must also have sufficient money, health insurance, and no criminal record. A passport, residence permit, proof of financial means, proof of German language proficiency (usually B1), and proof of integration into German society are usually required. 

Complete the application forms at your local Foreigners’ Registration Office (Ausländerbehörde) to apply for permanent residency. Consult authorities or a lawyer for advice, as the process is complicated. Permanent residency lets you live and work in Germany indefinitely.

How Long Can I Work in Germany as a Skilled Worker?

The duration you can work in the country after you immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker can vary. Here are some common scenarios:

  • Job-Seeker Visa. Provides up to six months for finding a job and obtaining the appropriate work permit.
  • Employment Visa. Your employment contract determines the duration; it can be extended if necessary.
  • Blue Card. Based on your employment contract, initially up to 4 years.
  • Temporary Residence Permit. The amount varies based on circumstances, such as employment.
  • Permanent Residency. It is possible to work without time limits after 5 years with a residence permit.

Who is Eligible for a Skilled Worker Visa?

Eligibility for a skilled worker visa (job-seeker visa) in Germany is typically based on various factors.

  • Job Offer. You usually need a job offer from a German employer to qualify for a skilled worker visa.
  • Relevant Qualifications. Relevant educational background and qualifications are crucial for landing the job.
  • Language Proficiency. A certain level of proficiency in German may be required depending on your profession and visa type.
  • Health Insurance. To be approved for a visa, you must have health insurance.
  • Financial Means. As a foreigner in Germany, you must demonstrate that you have adequate financial resources to support yourself.
  • Background Checks. It may be necessary to obtain a background check and security clearance in certain cases to meet the eligibility requirements.

Germany Skilled Worker Visa Requirements

It depends on your circumstances, the type of skilled work you seek, and the specific requirements for a skilled worker visa in Germany. Aside from the requirements mentioned earlier in the section above, you will need:

Documents

The documents necessary for a skilled worker visa must be gathered and submitted. The requirements usually include your passport, a completed visa application form, a valid job contract or job offer, a copy of your educational certificate, proof of adequate health insurance coverage, and financial means to support yourself while in Germany. 

Registration

Local authorities require you to register your residence upon your arrival in Germany. Local registration offices typically handle this process. Upon arrival in Germany, you must complete this form within one to two weeks. During your stay in the country, accurate and timely registration is essential for compliance with the law.

How Do I Get a Skilled Worker Visa in Germany?

Following are the general steps to obtaining a skilled worker visa in Germany:

  1. An employer in Germany offers you a job in your field.
  2. Ensure you have all the necessary papers, such as your passport, job contract, educational certificates, and financial proof.
  3. Often at a B1 level, meet the language requirements.
  4. Demonstrate your ability to support yourself in Germany.
  5. Checks may be required, especially for regulated professions.
  6. Your visa application must be completed and fees paid.
  7. If necessary, attend an interview.
  8. Obtain your visa approval.
  9. Follow entry rules when going to Germany.
  10. As soon as you arrive, register your address.
  11. Ensure you follow the requirements for your profession when you begin your job.

Is It Hard to Get a German Job Seeker Visa?

Qualifications, language skills, financial resources, and availability in the job market are some of the requirements for a German Job Seeker Visa, making it a moderately difficult visa to obtain. While not impossible, applicants may find the process of meeting these criteria to be detailed and structured.

Can I Bring My Family to Germany as a Skilled Worker?

In Germany, your spouse and single children can join you if you secure a job offer and apply for a work visa. Supporting your family requires an adequate income since there is no government assistance. A1 German proficiency is often required for spouses, and suitable accommodations are needed for the family.

I Don’t Have a Recognized Degree. How Should I Immigrate to Germany as a Skilled Worker?

If your degree is not recognized in Germany, you can get training courses in Germany. You may stay in Germany for 18 months to a year and get training in the field you qualify for. To do so, you need a German internship visa. It is required to be fluent in German and meet its requirements. 

It’s a good way to improve your language proficiency and get work experience in Germany; you can get familiar with German working culture and secure a job position. During your internship, you can work in limited conditions. 

Websites to Look for a Job Offer in Germany

These websites can help you look for a job and immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker: 

  • Indeed
  • StepStone
  • Arbeitsagentur
  • LinkedIn
  • Meinestadt.de
  • Jobrapido.de
  • Kimeta

What If You Lose Your Employment as a Skilled Worker in Germany?

If your employer is unwilling to extend your employment and you lose contact with them, you must find a new employment offer. The new employer must submit a new application for a work permit, so your stay becomes legal. 

Remember that you must do it while your previous residence permit is valid. You often have up to three months to get a new residence permit to stay in Germany. Otherwise, your stay is illegal, and there will be heavy consequences for it. 

Most In-Demand Jobs in Germany 

Here are some of the most in-demand jobs and categories for skilled work in Germany:

  • Information Technology (IT)
  • Healthcare
  • Engineering
  • Skilled Trades
  • STEM FieldsManufacturing and Skilled Labor

What is the Easiest Job to Get in Germany?

For foreigners, the easiest jobs to find in Germany include:

  • Hospitality and Gastronomy
  • Retail
  • Manual Labor and Construction
  • Language Teaching
  • Internships and Student Jobs
  • Au Pair and Caregiving

What is the Best Job for Foreigners in Germany?

There is no single “best” job for foreigners in Germany. However, because of the country’s thriving tech industry, expatriates have consistently sought and been able to access jobs in software development and IT-related fields.

Skilled Worker’s Salary in Germany

Now that you know about the steps to immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker, let’s talk about salaries; 

  • IT Professionals. €40,000 to €80,000+
  • Healthcare Workers. €60,000 to €150,000 for doctors and €30,000 to €50,000 for nurses
  • Engineering. €45,000 to €80,000+
  • Skilled Trades. €30,000 to €60,000+
  • STEM Fields. €40,000 to over €80,000
  • Manufacturing and Skilled Labor. Salaries start at €30,000.
  • Finance and Accounting. €40,000 to €70,000+
  • Renewable Energy. €40,000 to €80,000+
  • Language Experts. €30,000 to €60,000+
  • Craftsmanship. Based on their craft.

What is the Minimum Salary for a Skilled Worker in Germany?

Based on a 40-hour workweek, the German minimum wage will be €2,080 per month as of October 1st, 2022. The annual amount is approximately €24,960.

Immigrate to Germany as a Skilled Worker: Let’s Recap

This article brought you a guide on how to immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker. You became familiar with everything, including requirements and the procedure to follow. If you have questions, write them down in the comment section. The Visa Library team will get to them right away. 

FAQs

It is to find an employer who is willing to hire you.

It is up to the position, company, and employer, but most of the time, yes.

Civil engineers, IT experts, developers, etc, look at the article.

Depending on individual circumstances, qualifications, and the type of visa or residence permit sought, immigrating to Germany can be challenging.

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1 Comment

  1. Waheed iqbal says:

    3 Year experience plumber