Are you going to move to Germany as a skilled worker? The strongest economy in Europe is always in need of skilled workers. You just need to know what to do, and this article brings you everything on how to immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker.
Who is a skilled worker who can move to Germany?
Skilled workers come in two categories:
- People with professional training
- People with academic training
Whatever your degree is, it must be recognized and accepted by German authorities. If you have professional training, it is necessary to complete an officially recognized professional training program. German law requires it to be at least two years.
If you have academic training, you must have achieved an academic degree from a university, college or education center. An MA or BA is an example of a degree you have earned.
Skilled workers can take the job position in Germany if they can prove to be qualified, skilled workers. They must be able to perform the job and work in it well.
According to the new changes in German law, IT specialists with “highly-developed practical professional knowledge” do not need recognition. They can come to Germany without recognition and practice their occupation.
What are the requirements to become a qualified, skilled worker in Germany?
You must fulfill the below requirements to be a qualified, skilled worker in Germany:
Your education abroad must be recognized in Germany. There are two types of education, as explained above, professional training and academic training. Whichever yours is, it must be recognized by the German government. In some majors like dentistry and medicine, you must receive a degree from the government and pass a test.
If you have completed your education in Germany, you don’t need to get recognition for your degree.
According to the changes to immigration law, you can submit your application before your degree gets recognized.
Also, in some cases, you can move to Germany and begin your work before your degree gets recognized. Your employer guises you on these matters.
It’s mandatory to have a job offer from a German employer inside the country. It must lead to a written contract with details about the employment. In Germany, it gets called “Erklärung zum BeschäftigungsverhältnisIf the employer.” If the employer is not willing to sign a contract and asks for money, it might be a fraud plan.
You can look for a job offer on websites that advertise such positions. Also, you can apply for a Germany tourist visa or jb seeker visa and enter the country to look for a job.
When German officials agree with the job offer, they will issue a work permit. You need it to apply for a work visa and enter the country. The work permit is permission to work in Germany, while the visa is authorization to enter the country. You must get the permit before the visa.
Being able to leave your home country
Applicants must have a valid passport or travel documents that allow them to leave their home country. Also, it’s mandatory to submit a clean record certificate most of the time. It indicates that the employee has not been involved in criminal activities.
Visa supporting documents
When you apply for a work visa, you must submit some supporting documents for a work permit and work visa. You send the work permit requirements to the employer, and he/she submits them to the German authorities. Then, you must submit the work visa documents to the German embassy in your home country.
Applicants must be able to submit all of the supporting documents for both the work permit and work visa. You can get familiar with the requirements from the right sidebar and work visa article. It is a must to submit whatever the German officials ask.
Not all non-EU nationals need a visa to enter Germany. Some of them are exempt from an entrance visa;
- South Korea
The above list are some of the samples of the countries that don’t need an entrance visa. They can move to Germany and stay for up to 90 days, but for longer stays, they need a residence permit or work permit.
The work permit that employers apply for and receive permits them to stay for longer than 90 days.
You can find out who needs and doesn’t need a Germany short-stay visa from the right sidebar.
It is mandatory to prove you can cover your expenses in Germany. It is either through the income from your employment or from your savings and previous income. If you are to bring your family to Germany, you must have enough to cover their expenses as well.
Every German visa has financial requirements. Applicants must prove their financial independence. It is so with the skilled workers moving to Germany.
Make it clear in your application how you will cover your expenses.
How to move to Germany as a skilled worker?
You must follow these steps to immigrate to Germany as a skilled worker;
Get your degree recognized in Germany
It is mandatory to get your degree recognized in Germany before moving to the country. If German officials don’t recognize your degree, you may not work in the country.
There are different rules and conditions for people with various majors. The requirements for an IT expert are completely different of a doctor or surgeon.
You must find out what are the requirements for your major.
You can find out about different occupations moving to Germany from the Visa Library:
- Move to Germany as a Doctor
- Move to Germany as a Pharmacist
- Move to Germany as a Nurse
- Move to Germany as a software engineer
You must follow a slightly different procedure for each of the above occupations. But the general standard route is explained in this blog.
Look for a job offer from a German employer
It’s mandatory to get a job offer before moving to Germany. You must have an employer if you are determined to move to Germany as a skilled worker.
The German employer must apply for a work permit to bring the non-EU skilled workers to the country. Only if the German officials agree and issue the work permit the skilled worker can move to the country.
Apply for a work permit
German employer applies for a work permit on behalf of the skilled worker. He/she must submit some supporting documents to German officials, and it is the skilled worker’s duty to send the documents to the employer.
The skilled worker must wait and submit further documents if the authorities require it. The processing takes time until they issue the work permit.
Get a work visa
When the work permit is issued, the skilled worker can apply for a work visa at the German embassy or consulate in his/her home country. You can get familiar with the work visa application from the article on the right sidebar.
It explains the process well and provides you with a list of supporting documents. The application process is explained in detail and step by step.
How long can I work in Germany as a skilled worker?
The initial validity of a work permit is up to the duration of the work contract, the type of the work permit, and the German authorities’ decision.
A skilled worker can work in Germany as long as his/her employment is valid. As long as you have an employment contract with a German employer and hold a valid work permit, you may work in Germany.
But, you must obey the national laws and commit no criminal offense in Germany to stay.
Can I bring my family to Germany as a skilled worker?
The answer is yes. If you secure a job offer and apply for a work visa, your family can apply beside you and enter Germany. Your family is your spouse and single children. If your salary is enough to cover your and your family’s expenses, you may bring your family. Otherwise, you are not allowed to bring the theme to Germany.
You can not get any support from the German government for yourself r your family. You must have enough funds or your income enables you to pay your family’s expenses.
Also, it is required that the spouse learns some german before moving to Germany. A1 language proficiency level is often required. Also, the skilled worker must have suitable accommodation for the family.
I don’t have a recognized degree. What should I do?
In this case, if your degree is not recognized in Germany, you can get training courses in Germany. You may stay in Germany for 18 months to a year and get training in the field you qualify for. To do so, you need a German internship visa. It is required to be fluent in German and meet its requirements.
It’s a good way to improve your language proficiency and get work experience in Germany; you can get familiar with German working culture and secure a job position as well.
During your internship, you can work in limited conditions.
Websites to look for a job offer in Germany
These websites are some of the most famous websites that you can look for a job in Germany:
- Xing Stellenmarkt
- Monster Deutschland
What if you lose your employment as a skilled worker in Germany?
If your employer is not willing to extend your employment and you lose contact with him/her, you must find a new employment offer. The new employer must submit a new application for a work permit so your stay becomes legal.
Bear in mind that you have to do it while your previous residence permit is valid. You often have up to three months to get a new residence permit to stay in Germany. Otherwise, your stay is illegal, and there will be heavy consequences for it.
Most in-demand jobs in Germany
This is the list of in-demand jobs in Germany. You can get familiar with them and try your chance by looking for a job position:
Civil Engineer / Architect
The common way to move to Germany as a civil engineer is to complete your education in Germany. It is possible to move to Germany as a skilled civil engineer, but your degree must be recognized, and you must get familiar with the German rules of working as a civil engineer.
You can expect to get about 4099€ per month as a civil engineer.
Account Managers / Business analysts
Open Indeed in your browser and look for job opportunities in any country and you can see that Business management is one of the most demanded positions. Germany is among the mas well. You can work in various fields and companies for different positions.
- Account Managers,
- Business Analysts
- sales and Human resource management
Rememrb that language proficiency C1 is a must to work in a management position and most of the positions in Germany.
A skilled worker can expect to earn about 4679€ per month as a manager in Germany.
An electrical engineer earns about 5167€ per month, and the demand is rising. There are numerous companies that you can get a job with. The German electronic products like Bosch. NXP Semiconductors is located in Hamburg, and they always need skilled electronics engineers.
Computer Science/ IT professionals and Software Developers
Improve your resume and gather as much work experience as you can. Even one good project can help you move to Germany as an IT expert or developer.
This is one of the fields in that you don’t need to get your degree recognized.
The 5424€ per month is enough to have a good life and pay all of the expenses and have the luxury activities you want.
Also, there are job positions in the English language as well.
One of the careers that have always been in demand is this one. Ask an international student in any country you want, and their dream is to study Mechanical Engineering in Germany. It’s no surprise that Germany has always been a leading figure in this field. It’s normal for the strongest economy in Europe.
Home to global Mechanical and automotive companies, and some of the leading machine manufacturers, mechanical engineers are always in demand:
- Mercedes Benz,
Working for these large and famous companies might seem unachievable. But there are hundreds of start-ups that you can begin with.
German government supports skilled workers, and you will get an average salary of 4930€ per month. So dot worry about working for a small company or a start-up.
Skilled worker’s salary in Germany
The salary of a skilled worker in Germany is up to his/her occupation and many other factors. But in general, according to the salary explorer website, you can get about 3,810 EUR per month.
The below table can guide the salary difference for jobs in Germany.
€50,017 a year
You might find different payments on websites that provide such information. You would better check through the websites and see how much employers are willing to pay. Then, compare the position you want to apply for with them.
Let’s sum up…
This article brought you a guide on how to move to Germany as a skilled worker. You became familiar with everything, requirements, and the procedure to follow.
If you have questions, write them down in the comment section. The Visa Library team will get to them right away.
Frequently asked questions about moving to Germany as a skilled worker
What is the first step to moving to Germany as a skilled worker?
It is to find an employer who is willing to hire you.
Do I need German language proficiency?
It is up to the position, company, and employer, but most of the time, yes.
What jobs are most in demand in Germany?
Civil engineers, IT experts, developers, etc; look at the article.