Canada is a country with lots of job opportunities for everyone. Doctors have the opportunity to immigrate to Canada and a great life and working opportunity awaits them as the country needs more doctors after the Covid-19 pandemic. You’re about to find out how to immigrate to Canada as a doctor through this piece of writing. 

Get the FREE Cheat sheet for
Immigrate to Canada as a Doctor

How can a doctor immigrate to Canada?

The way you can apply to work in Canada as a doctor is a bit difficult and needs hard work.

For the first step, applicants need a medical degree from the approved university list on the World Directory of Medical Schools (WDMS). Applicants need to become a doctor in their home country to become one in Canada.

Then, applicants need to verify their medical degree by the Medical Council of Canada (MCC). after that, the MCC provides them an Education Credential Assessment (ECA) report.

When the officials approve the degree and the transcripts, candidates need to get the ECA report from PhysiciansApply.ca.

Candidates need to become PR residents and take the required tests and training to achieve a Licentiate of the Medical Council of Canada (LMCC).

Also, each Canadian province has its requirement and rules regarding attracting international doctors. So you would better do research and find out what are they to save time and effort.

Immigration to Canada as a radiologist

Radiologists come under the doctor occupation category and they need to go through the same procedure explained above;

  • Getting a medical certificate from an approved medical university
  • Apply for a Licentiate of the Medical Council of Canada (MCC).
  • Pass the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examinations
  • Take a one-year postgraduate training program
  • Receive verification from the provincial authorities

The American citizens who want to immigrate to Canada as a doctor need the same sort of requirements as the other nationals.

They have to study medical majors in a verified education center or university. The center needs to be verified by the World Directory of Medical Schools (WDMS).

Then they have to apply for a Licentiate of the Medical Council of Canada (MCC).

The next stage is to pass the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examinations the first step in the US and the next one in Canada.

Video description 

World Directory of Medical Schools (WDMS) website 


What are Canadian immigration programs available for doctors?

The following list is the immigration programs available for doctors to immigrate to Canada:

Express Entry

The Canadian Federal government has introduced Express Entry which is an online immigration program to attract skilled workers. Applicants can apply and receive PR directly through a point-based system.

You can say it’s the most famous Canadian immigration program, and doctors can immigrate through it as well.

NOC or National Occupational Classification is the list of required occupations in Canada. The jobs on this list can apply through Express Entry and increase their score to get accepted for Canada PR.

NOC 3112 is the list of doctors’ occupations that can immigrate to Canada through Express Entry.

The Federal skilled worker program

Applicants who get enough scores on the CRS calculator system can apply to immigrate to Canada. The last score is 67 score.

Applicants get evaluated on the following factors;

  • Language proficiency in English or French.
  • Education
  • Enough work experience
  • Age
  • Job offer from a Canadian employer
  • Adaptability

FSWP leads to PR directly, and you can take advantage of its benefits. Also, applicants may bring their family members to the country. The visa processing was a bit long during and after the Covid-19 pandemic, but the officials have promised to shorten the processing time ti six months again.

Provincial Nominee Programs

Each Canadian province can attract skilled foreign workers to the country by their needs.  The PNP allows them to bring the workers they need and address the lack of skilled workers:

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Saskatchewan
  • Yukon

PNP comes under the Express Entry program which is a wide immigration program that enables Canada to attract skilled workers by their score from all around the globe.

Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program

As explained, Canadian provinces have the authority to attract the skilled workers they need to the country on their own. The four Canadian Atlantic provinces have the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program, and doctors can immigrate to Canada through it:

  • New Newfoundland and Labrador
  • New Brunswick
  • Nova Scotia
  • Prince Edward Island

What documents do doctors need to prove work experience?

You need the following documents to prove your work experience as a doctor to immigrate to Canada:

  • Report of working hours
  • Certificate of experience
  • NOC
  • Payslips
  • A letterhead of the company you worked in

Infographic How to Immigrate to Canada as a doctor

In which cities in Canada foreign medical doctors can find jobs easier?

Competition might be a bit tight in large Canadian cities but so are the job opportunities. In the following cities, you can find a job as a doctor:

  • Toronto
  • Montreal
  • Calgary
  • Ottawa
  • Edmonton
  • Winnipeg
  • Mississauga
  • Vancouver
  • Brampton
  • Hamilton

The following list of cities might be small and low population but the job opportunities for doctors are great:

  • Toronto
  • Hawkesbury
  • Cornwall
  • Pembroke

Immigration to Canada as a doctor from America

The American citizens who want to immigrate to Canada as a doctor need the same sort of requirements as the other nationals.

They have to study medical majors in a verified education center or university. The center needs to be verified by the World Directory of Medical Schools (WDMS).

Then they have to apply for a Licentiate of the Medical Council of Canada (MCC).

The next stage is to pass the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examinations the first step in the US and the next one in Canada.

When the test is complete, they might have to enter 12 months of postgraduate training course. After that, verification from the medical authorities in the province they want to work in is needed.

Medical Regulatory Authorities approval

Completing the postgraduate training, applicants need to get approval from Medical Regulatory Authorities in the province or territory they want to work in.

The following is a list of Medical Regulatory Authorities in Canadian provinces you need to get approval:

1College of Physicians and Surgeons of AlbertaAlberta
2College of Physicians and Surgeons of British ColumbiaBritish Columbia
3College of Physicians and Surgeons of ManitobaManitoba
4College of Physicians and Surgeons of New BrunswickNew Brunswick
5College of Physicians and Surgeons of Newfoundland & LabradorNewfoundland & Labrador
6Government of the Northwest TerritoriesNorthwest Territories
7Nunavut Department of Health and Social Services Medical Registration CommitteeNunavut
8College of Physicians and Surgeons of OntarioOntario
9Prince Edward Island College of Physicians and Surgeons ofPrince Edward Island
10College des medicines du QuebecQuebec
11Saskatchewan College of Physicians and Surgeons ofSaskatchewan
12Yukon Medical CouncilYukon

How can foreign doctors immigrate to Canada Permanently?

When doctors apply through the Express Entry program, they automatically receive Canadian PR or Permanent Residency. They can stay in the country for five years and after three years of living under PR, then they become eligible to apply for citizenship.

The same is true with the Provincial Nominee Program. You apply for a PR through PNP and receive nominations from one of the Canadian provinces. When you get the PR and immigrate to Canada, you become eligible to apply for citizenship after three years.

What is the list of requirements for doctors to work in Canada?

The list of required documents for a doctor to work in Canada is up to the province they want to move to. Also, the applicants might have to provide further documents regarding their case.

A common list is as follows:


Your certificate from the university approved by the Canadian government is needed. You need to have them translated into English or French. Also, approval from verified international organizations is required.

Program of immigration

Various Canadian immigration programs appropriate for doctors got covered in this article. Read each one of them carefully and find out if you are fit for them or not.

Each one of them has different requirements. You need to fulfill them as well.

Language proficiency tests

Applicants need approved language proficiency certificates. The two official languages of Canada are English and French.

The language of Quebec province is French, and if you want to immigrate there, you need to speak French. However, you can improve your chance. Language proficiency holds scores in the Express Entry program and you can easily improve it by language proficiency.

Also, you can develop the possibility of getting a job.

Approved language tests are as follows:




  • TEF Canada
  • TCF Canada

Postgraduate Assessment

Return-of-service agreements

Where can immigrated doctors work in Canada?

Some of the centers and places where an immigrant doctor can work in Canada are as follows:

  • Hospitals
  • Care Facilities
  • Rehabilitation centers
  • Doctors’ clinics
  • Community centers
  • Private medical facilities
  • Work as self-employed doctor

Who is qualified to immigrate to Canada as a doctor?

Not everyone is qualified to apply to work as a doctor in Canada. Applicants need to be licensed Doctors in the home country or country they reside in. Moreover, applicants have to prove that they are as qualified as a doctor who works in Canada.

Your certificate must be approved by the Canadian authorities and on the list of the World Directory of Medical Schools (WDMS).

Also, applicants need to take some tests and examinations before being eligible to work as a doctor in Canada. The Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination (MCCQE) is one of them that has different parts.

How could you apply and receive a License to Practice Medicine in Canada?

Go through the following steps to get your license and practice medicine in Canada:

Confirming your medical degree

You need to visit the International Medical Education Directory (IMED) website. It is part of the Advancement of International Medical Education and Research (FAIMER).

Put the following information on the website:

  • medical school,
  • the name of the medical degree,
  • the year of your graduation

Applicants have to put the information, so the Canadian authorities accept or refuse the degree.

Get ready for the medical exams

There is an examination for the international medical graduate (IMG) to test their readiness to become a doctor in Canada. The exam gets called the Medical Council of Canada Self Administered Evaluating Examination (SAE – EE).

There is a fee for taking the test that you need to pay.

Submit portfolio

The IMGs can create an electronic portfolio on the MCC’s Physician Credentials Repository. It can be done before coming to Canada.

You can apply to share your portfolio with the qualifying bodies and regulatory authorities in the medical sector.

MCC’s Physician Credentials Repository application

Applicants need to open an application with the MCC’s Physician Credentials Repository. Also, they need to send a certified copy of their medical diploma to the center.

The process is a bit complicated and can seem tricky. You would better get advice from someone who has been through it or a professional legal expert.

Each Canadian province is different in terms of registration and rules. So do your research to avoid any unwanted trouble.

Do you need a work permit to work as a doctor in Canada?

Yes, if you are not a permanent resident in Canada, you need to apply for a work permit to work as a doctor.

Do you have to go through the medical tests during the immigration process?

Yes. But the medical tests you go through is up to the immigration method you have picked. The followings are some of the tests you need to take during the immigration process;

  • Physical examinations include:
    • heart
    • lungs
    • eye
    • nose
  • Chest X-rays
  • Urine Tests
  • Blood Tests for HIV & Syphilis
  • Tests for COVID-19 (Now)

What doctor positions can immigrate to Canada?

The following list is some of the occupations that a doctor can work in Canada or a subcategory. The list is not complete and Canada lacks every type of doctor and related occupations.

Family Medicine

How often do you need to visit a medical specialist for this particular problem? Maybe once a year. But how often do you pay a visit to a family medicine doctor? Well, more frequently.

This is why family medicine is more needed in every country. It is true for Canada as well. Not everyone needs a specialist but everyone needs to visit a family medicine once in a while.

Moreover, the job opportunities for family medicine are diverse and different;

  • work for a large hospital or institution
  • open your own practice
  • work in a remote area

Also, family doctors have a large supply per capita. This is the area you can ensure to get a job, flexible working hours, and a good income. The average salary of a family doctor in Canada is about $230,000 -$250,000 per year.


One of the major troubles of having a child is that he/she gets sick often. Visiting a doctor is a hassle and often one of the nightmares parents get up in the middle of the night.

Similar to a family doctor, pediatricians are one of the most in-demand fields and skills. Every child requires an experienced and knowledgeable pediatrician.

They have less trouble in finding a position that matches their skill and can be transferred to clinics and hospitals easily. Moreover, a small group of pediatricians needs extra or additional training after graduation.

The average pediatrician earns a gross salary of 241,000-281,000 per year.

General Pathology

They work with all aspects of laboratory investigation of disease and health. The main focus of their work is on the causes, manifestations, and diagnosis of disease.

One of their work fields is to provide advice or consult the clinical physicians in the treatment of patients. Their expertise is often required in the treatment process.

The job titles they might work in are:

  • autopsy specialists,
  • surgical pathologists,
  • medical microbiologists,
  • transfusion specialists

The average pathologist earns a gross salary of C$294,867 to $318,739

Cardiothoracic Surgery

Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) is a Canadian independent, not-for-profit organization that “provides essential information on Canada’s health system and the health of Canadians”.

According to CIHI, about half of cardiothoracic surgeons are over 65 years old. It indicates that there are plenty of job opportunities in Canada waiting for young and skilled cardiothoracic surgeons.

They work with the surgeries of:

  • heart,
  • pericardium,
  • vessels

Cardiothoracic surgeons are responsible for the treatment of conditions of the heart, lungs, and other pleural or mediastinal structures.

Some of the diseases a  cardiac or cardiovascular surgeon could treat are as follows:

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Heart failure
  • Abnormal enlargement
  • Leaking heart valve
  • Blockages in the heart valve

You can see that the above health conditions are common in every country, unfortunately. So you can say again that Cardiothoracic Surgery has brilliant job opportunities in Canada.

The average cardiothoracic surgeon’s salary of C$304,696, $433,369 or, $599,000 per year.

Occupational Medicine

How many hours do you spend at work? Well, you and I tend to spend more time at work with colleagues than with family. So, health and safety at work become essential both for the individual, employers, and the government.

Occupational Medicine focuses on the prevention of injuries and health conditions at work. Their job is to prevent health problems that are caused by poor or inappropriate working conditions. They work to protect the mental and physical health of employees.

Although the occupation is quite new and got introduced in 2006, more than half of the people working are over 65.

With the new employees and immigrants moving to Canada, there is always a need for occupational medicine as people are trying to create a work-life balance.

The average doctor in occupational medicine earns a C$315,357 to C$292,921 per year.

Medical doctors’ salary in Canada

According to the talent.com website, the average annual salary of a medical doctor in Canada is $69,615.

However, the income is also up to:

  • the work experience
  • expertise
  • years of working in Canada
  • province you work in

An average list of medical doctors’ salary in the famous cities is as follows:

British Columbia$62,361
Nova Scotia$32,513

The salary of the following related job groups might be interesting for you;

Medical Doctor$267,826
Health Officer$68,975

What are the benefits of Immigrating to Canada as a doctor?

Living in Canada needs explanations and mentioning the benefits. People living in Europe try to immigrate there and start a new life in a versatile country that accepts immigrants.

Doctors are an in-demand job title and they will get the following benefits in Canada:

  • A good balance between work and life
  • Vaccination packages and holidays
  • Occupational and mental counseling services;
  • Health and wellness programs
  • A well-paid pension plan
  • disability benefits, short and long term
  • Life insurance
  • Family coverage and benefits
  • Dental coverage
  • prescription drugs, vision care and extended health care services
  • Open to religions and way of life
  • Economic stability
  • Third best education system in the world

Let’s sum up…

This article explained how doctors can immigrate to Canada. The immigration programs and what certificates you need got covered in this text. After the Covid-19 pandemic, the country needs more doctors, and they are determined to attract a skilled workforce to Canada.

You can find more information about the provided immigration ways through the left sidebar.

In case you have questions, write them down in the comment section. The Visa Library article will answer them immediately.

Go through the top menu to find out about Canada’s immigration programs and know in detail how to immigrate to Canada.

Frequently Asked Questions about immigrate to Canada as a doctor

Yes, doctors are among the highest earnt salary groups in Canada.

Yes. You need an approved language proficiency test result but it’s up to the program.

Yes, doctors may apply through the Express Entry.

How useful was this article?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 4.2 / 5. Vote count: 6

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this article.