Unlocking the opportunity to work and immigrate to Belgium as a dentist is like stepping into a world where precision meets artistry in the realm of oral healthcare. This guide illuminates the path to practicing dentistry in one of Europe’s cultural gems and experiencing the vibrant tapestry of Belgian life. Let’s delve into the journey of becoming a dentist in Belgium while embracing its rich history and forward-thinking healthcare system.

How to Work as a Dentist in Belgium?

Working as a dentist in Belgium as a foreign-trained professional involves several steps, each with specific requirements. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to work and immigrate to Belgium as a dentist:

  1. Apply for a Job
  2. Recognize Your Qualifications
  3. Language Proficiency
  4. Pass the Dental Competency Test
  5. Register with a Regional Order
  6. Obtain a Work Visa
  7. Professional Liability Insurance
  8. Join the National Institute for Health and Disability Insurance (INAMI-RIZIV)
  9. Continuing Professional Development
  10. Start Practicing
  11. Comply with Ethical and Legal Standards
How to Work and Immigrate to Belgium as a Dentist

Step 1. Apply for a Job

To apply for a dentistry job in Belgium, search for job openings on popular platforms like LinkedIn and Glassdoor or visit the official websites of Belgian dental associations. Tailor your application materials to each job, highlighting your qualifications and clinical skills. Submit your applications following the employer’s instructions. Reputable recruitment agencies like DentConnect and MediMatch can also assist in finding opportunities. Prepare for interviews, which may include clinical assessments.

Step 2. Recognize Your Qualifications

The first step is to have your dental qualifications recognized in Belgium. You need to submit your academic and professional credentials to the competent authority, typically the Federal Public Service (known as FPS) Health, Food Chain Safety, and Environment. They will evaluate your qualifications to ensure they meet Belgian standards. For example, if you obtained your dental degree in India, it needs to be equivalent to a Belgian dental degree.

Step 3. Language Proficiency

Proficiency in one of Belgium’s official languages, Dutch, French, and German, is crucial when planning to immigrate to Belgium as a dentist. You may need to prove your language skills through recognized language tests like the Test of Dutch as a Foreign Language (Toets Gesproken Nederlands – TGN) for Dutch or similar tests for French or German. The required language proficiency level may vary, but it’s generally expected to be at least at the B2 level, according to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). Communicating with patients and colleagues in the local language is essential for dental practice.

Step 4. Pass the Dental Competency Test

Depending on your qualifications and the evaluation by the competent authority, you may be required to pass a dental competency test before you immigrate to Belgium as a dentist. This test assesses your clinical skills and knowledge to ensure you meet the country’s standards. Successful completion of this test is vital for obtaining professional recognition.

Step 5. Register with a Regional Order

Dentists in Belgium must be registered with a Regional Order of Dentists specific to the region where they intend to practice (e.g., Flemish Order of Dentists for Flanders). Registration involves submitting your recognized qualifications, language proficiency certificates, and proof of competency test passing.

Step 6. Obtain a Work Visa

As a non-European Union (EU) or European Economic Area (EEA) citizen, you will need a Belgium work visa to practice dentistry in Belgium. Your employer or potential employer will typically sponsor your work visa application. This requires a job offer and a contract. Work visa types vary, but highly skilled professionals often need a Type B work permit. To obtain it, you need a valid job offer, qualifications for the job, and a medical certificate from your employer, and you must apply to the Belgian regional authorities with the required documents.

Step 7. Professional Liability Insurance

Dentists in Belgium must have professional liability insurance to cover potential malpractice claims. This type of insurance is essential for dentists, as it covers potential malpractice claims. It’s a mandatory requirement in Belgium to have this insurance before you begin practicing. You must arrange for this insurance before your immigration as a dentist. This ensures you are protected against legal claims related to your professional services. Insurance can be obtained from various providers in Belgium, and it’s advisable to compare different policies to find one that best suits your professional needs and offers comprehensive coverage.

Step 8. Join the National Institute for Health and Disability Insurance (INAMI-RIZIV)

INAMI-RIZIV is Belgium’s national health insurance organization. Dentists must join this organization to provide services covered by the federal health insurance system. To do so, you’ll need to fulfill specific administrative requirements.

Step 8. Continuing Professional Development

Like in many countries, dentists in Belgium are expected to engage in continuous professional development (CPD) to stay up-to-date with the latest advancements in dentistry. You’ll need to fulfill CPD requirements and maintain records of your education.

Step 9. Start Practicing

Once you’ve completed all the necessary steps and obtained recognition, you can practice as a dentist in Belgium. You’ll work in a private practice, a dental clinic, or a healthcare institution.

Step 10. Comply with Ethical and Legal Standards

Always adhere to the ethical and legal standards of dental practice in Belgium when trying your chance to immigrate to Belgium as a dentist. Ensure patient confidentiality, provide quality care, and stay informed about any changes in regulations or guidelines.

Are Dentists in Demand in Belgium?

Dentists are generally in demand in Belgium. The demand for dental services in the country remains steady due to the ongoing need for oral healthcare. However, the level of demand can vary depending on factors such as the region within Belgium, population demographics, and the concentration of dental practitioners in specific areas.

Are Dentistry Services in Belgium Expensive?

Dental services in Belgium vary in cost, with primary care like check-ups being more affordable and complex treatments like orthodontics and cosmetic procedures being more expensive. Costs can be higher in the private sector compared to public healthcare. While Belgium’s mandatory health insurance covers a portion of dental expenses, especially for basic treatments, more specialized procedures often require additional private insurance or out-of-pocket payments. Factors like the dentist’s location and the treatment’s complexity also influence the overall cost.

How Much Does a Dentist Make in Belgium?

The salary of a dentist in Belgium can be different based on factors such as experience, location, specialization, and whether they work in the public or private sector. On average, a dentist in Belgium can earn a gross annual salary ranging from approximately €50,000 to €100,000 or more.

Experienced and specialized dentists often command higher salaries, while those in rural areas may earn slightly less than their urban counterparts. Additionally, dentists working in the public healthcare system may have different salary structures compared to those in private practice. It’s crucial to consider these factors when assessing the income of a dentist in Belgium.

How to Become a Dentist in Belgium?

To immigrate to Belgium as a dentist and study there, you need to go through a few steps listed below:

  1. Getting Admission
  2. Getting a Student Visa
  3. Obtain Necessary Education
  4. Language Proficiency
  5. Complete Mandatory Internship
  6. Pass the Licensing Examination
  7. Register with the Dental Association
  8. Continuous Professional Development
  9. Obtain Professional Indemnity Insurance

Step 1. Getting Admission

To start your dental career in Belgium, you need to gain admission to a dental program at a reputable university. Top choices include the University of Leuven, Ghent University, and the University of Liege, known for their quality dental education. Admission requirements generally include a high school diploma, language proficiency, and possibly entrance exams or interviews. This step is crucial for international students, who must also provide additional documentation to secure their place in these esteemed institutions.

Step 2. Getting a Student Visa

The next step in your journey to immigrate to Belgium as a dentist is to apply for a student visa. This is very important for international pupils outside the EU or EEA. The procedure involves visiting your country’s nearest Belgian embassy or consulate, providing the necessary documents, and requesting a student visa. The required documents are:

  • Proof of university admission
  • Proof of financial means to support yourself during your stay
  • Health insurance coverage
  • Clean Criminal Records

Step 3. Obtain Necessary Education

Start by enrolling in a dental program at a recognized university in Belgium, such as the Catholic University of Leuven or Ghent University. Dental education typically spans 5 to 6 years, culminating in a Master’s in Dental Sciences. These programs combine theoretical knowledge with practical clinical training. For example, at the University of Antwerp, students participate in extensive clinical training in the final years of their program.

Step 4. Language Proficiency

Proficiency in one of Belgium’s official languages (Dutch, French, or German) is crucial, depending on where you plan to practice. For instance, proficiency in Dutch is required if you aim to work in Flanders. Language courses are available at institutions like the Goethe-Institut for German or Alliance Française for French.

Step 5. Complete Mandatory Internship

After completing your dental education, you must undergo a mandatory internship, known as ‘Assistenzzeit’ in Belgium. This internship, lasting 1-2 years, involves working under the supervision of experienced dentists and is essential for gaining practical experience. For example, internships at the University Hospital Ghent provide exposure to various dental specialties.

Step 6. Pass the Licensing Examination

In Belgium, you must pass a national licensing examination to practice as a dentist legally. This examination assesses both your theoretical knowledge and practical skills. Preparatory courses and materials, such as those provided by the Belgian Dental Association, can help prepare for this exam.

Step 7. Register with the Dental Association

Upon passing the examination, register with the Belgian Dental Association in the region where you intend to practice. This registration is a legal requirement to practice dentistry in Belgium. For instance, if practicing in Brussels, you would register with the French-speaking or Dutch-speaking dental association, depending on your language proficiency.

Step 8. Continuous Professional Development

Once you start practicing, ongoing education is required to stay current with the latest developments in dentistry. This can include attending workshops, seminars, or additional courses. Organizations like the Flemish Dental Association offer various continuing education programs for dentists.

Step 9. Obtain Professional Indemnity Insurance

It’s mandatory to have professional indemnity insurance in Belgium, which covers you against legal and professional liability claims. Insurance can be obtained from providers like AG Insurance, which offers specific packages for medical professionals, including dentists.

By following these steps and meeting all the necessary requirements, you can successfully become a practicing dentist in Belgium.

How Much Does it Cost to Study Dentistry in Belgium?

The cost of studying dentistry in Belgium can vary based on various components, including the specific university, whether you are an EU/EEA or non-EU/EEA student, and other associated expenses. Here’s a general breakdown:

  • Tuition Fees: For EU/EEA students, the tuition fees for dentistry programs in Belgium are relatively low, typically ranging from about €900 to €4,000 per academic year. Non-EU/EEA students, however, may face higher fees, ranging from €3,000 to €20,000 per year, depending on the university and specific program.
  • Living Expenses: Living costs in Belgium, including accommodation, food, transportation, and other personal expenses, are estimated to be around €800 to €1,200 per month. These costs can vary based on the city and lifestyle.
  • Additional Costs: Additional expenses such as books, medical insurance, and study materials can add to the overall cost. These can range from a few hundred to a couple thousand euros annually.
  • Financial Aid and Scholarships: There are options for financial aid and scholarships from universities and external organizations, which can help offset some of these costs. For example, the Erasmus+ program offers scholarships for international students in Europe.

How Long Does It Take to Study Dentistry in Belgium?

Studying dentistry in Belgium typically takes around 5 to 6 years to complete. This period includes a comprehensive curriculum that integrates both theoretical and practical aspects of dental education. The program usually leads to a Master’s degree in Dental Sciences. After completing the formal education, there’s also a mandatory internship period, often lasting 1 to 2 years, where graduates gain practical experience in a clinical setting.

Therefore, the total time from starting university to becoming a fully licensed dentist can be approximately 6 to 8 years, including both the university program and the subsequent internship period.

Can I Study Dentistry in Belgium in English?

Yes, you can study dentistry in Belgium in English. Many universities in Belgium, particularly in the Flemish region, offer dental programs taught in English to accommodate international students.

However, it’s essential to check with the university you are interested in for the most up-to-date information on their dental programs and language of instruction requirements, as they may vary between institutions. You may also need to meet specific language proficiency requirements, such as providing proof of English proficiency through standardized tests like IELTS or TOEFL.

Immigrate to Belgium as a Dentist: Let’s Recap!

Starting a dental career in Belgium is a rewarding journey, blending professional growth with the experience of Belgium’s advanced healthcare system and rich culture. Although securing a work permit and navigating the process has complexities, the outcome is a fulfilling dental career in a vibrant European setting. With commitment and proper guidance, your path to practicing dentistry in Belgium can be both successful and enriching.


How many dentists are there in Belgium?

Belgium has approximately 10,000 registered dentists.

Is dental care free in Belgium?

Dental care in Belgium is not free; it is covered by health insurance, and patients typically pay some costs.

Can I work as a dentist in Belgium?

Yes, you can work as a dentist in Belgium, but you must meet specific qualifications and registration requirements.

Is Indian BDS valid in Belgium?

Indian BDS qualifications are generally not automatically recognized in Belgium, and you may need to go through a recognition process.

Is it hard to get a work permit for dentistry in Belgium?

Obtaining a work permit for dentistry in Belgium can be challenging, and it often depends on factors like your qualifications, job offer, and the demand for dentists in the region.

Can Foreign Dentists Work in Belgium?

Yes, they can immigrate to Belgium as a dentist but they need to undergo a few steps which are mentioned above in this article.

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