The economy of Finland is highly developed and industrialized. The main economic sector is manufacturing. Being the only Nordic member of the EU has made Finland an important business partner to the US, China, France, and Germany. The employment market is always good there. If you seek an employment opportunity in Finland, you might need a Finland work visa or Finland work permit. In this blog, we will explain whether you need a Finland work visa or not, work permit, requirements, the application process, FAQs, and more.
Who Needs and Does not Need a Finland work visa?
The answer to this question depends on your nationality, and the time you will stay in Finland.
The citizens of the Nordic countries Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, are free of Finland’s work visa and also its work permit. Please note that a work permit is different from a work visa. The citizens of Nordic countries can live and work in Finland as long as they want. But they have to inform the Local Register Office that they are living in Finland.
EU/EEA, Schengen states, and visa-free countries
The citizens of the EU, EEA, and all 26 members of the Schengen Area can live and work in Finland visa-free for up to 90 days. Apart from these countries, some other countries and states are free of Finland’s short-stay visa. They can also enter Finland to live and work for up to 90 days without a visa. Yet, if they want to stay longer, they have to apply for a residence permit.
The nationals of non-EU countries that need a Finland short-stay visa need a Finland work visa and work permit to work in Finland. The duration of their stay does not matter. They need a Finland work visa even they stay up to 90 days.
The types of Finland Residence Permit
The particular type of residence permit you apply for depends on the purpose of your trip to Finland:
- Self-employed person
- Au pair
- Working holiday
- Stable intimate relationship
Finland Work visa Requirements
It must have validity over three months from the date your residence permit gets expired. It mustn’t be older than ten years ago and has three blank pages.
Two passport size photos with a clear background.
A copy of the original job contract with the Finish employer. It must include the terms of the employment and its details.
Finland work visa application form
You can download it from the Finish embassy or consulate you apply at. Please be careful in completing it. Your information in the form must be the same as your documents. Then print, sign, and date it.
Documents proving your work experience in the field you work in.
You have to buy health insurance valid in Finland and all the other 26 Schengen states. It must cover all of your medical expenses for 30.000 EUR.
You state the purpose of your visit to Finland to the Finnish government.
Civil status proof
It could be:
- Marriage certificate
- Your children birth certificate
- Death certificate of spouse
Proof to have enough funds
You should prove to have enough funds to cover your expenses in Finland. The job offer must pay all of your expenses, or you must have enough yourself to cover part of your expenses.
Long term work
If you are going to work for a Finish employer for longer than six months, you must provide the following:
- A certificate of paid taxes.
- A certificate from an insurance company on the employer’s statutory insurance premiums
- Unemployment insurance, group life insurance, and accident insurance
- Report on recruitment of labor force from the Finnish labor market and the labor market within the EU/EEA
Please note that the Finish authorities have the right to ask for more documents, and you must obey.
Application Process for a Finland Work visa
The application process for a Finland work visa is as follows yet you might have to follow a different procedure by the country you reside in:
1. Job offer
The first step in applying for a Finland work visa is to have a job offer from an employer in Finland. The Finish employer must have advertised the employment opportunity in the EU for ten days. If there is no one for the job in the region, then he/she can offer it to a non-EU citizen. You and the Finish employer can be in contact through email, Skype, or WhatsApp. He will send you the job offer, and you will sign the contract.
2. Application form
You should download the Finland work visa application form from the Finish embassy or consulate website you apply at. You could also get the paper application from them. When you complete the form, be careful and concentrate. The information you fill in must be the same as your documents. Then print, date, and sign it.
Just like every other type of visa, Finland’s work visa has its requirements. You should collect all the required documents, as we explained above. Please note that even one small fault with your documents could get your visa rejected. Focus even on tiny unimportant details.
4. Visa appointment
Now you should schedule an appointment to the nearest Finish embassy or consulate. You could call them or do it through their website. Please remember the date and time of the appointment. You should attend it in person and don’t be late. Wearing something a bit formal might be better.
Don’t forget to bring your application, requirements, and passport. Submit all of them to the Finish authorities. Then pay the fee for the processing of your application.
During your appointment, you should also go through an interview. The Finish visa officer will ask you a few questions about your history, family, work experience, the purpose of your visit to Finland, etc. Try to be honest, friendly, and strong.
6. Waiting for processing
When the appointment ended, you have to wait. The processing time for Finland’s work visa is different. It also depends on a few factors. But it often takes about 30 to 45 working days. If your application gets denied, the finish officials will send you a letter explaining the reason. If it gets accepted, they will send you the visa stick to your passport.
How Long is the Finland Work Visa Valid For?
The first Finland work permit is often valid for one year. Then you can apply to extend it. If you apply for a specific time validity, the Finish government might grant it to you.
Can You Bring your Family Under a Finland Work visa?
Yes, you can bring your family. But they have to apply for their visa. You can submit your application together to save time and get processed as a family. You must also prove to have enough funds to cover your family expenses. They may not have the right to work in the first year of residence in Finland.
Extending Finland Work Visa
You can extend your Finland work visa. If you have one-year validity, you can extend it for another year. You can apply for permanent residence when you live in Finland for at least four years and meet all the requirements.
Processing Time for a Finland work visa
The processing time for a Finland work visa is different. It depends on:
- The Finish embassy or consulate workload
- Your special case
- The political situation of your home country.
The standard processing time is 30-45 days. But remember that it might take even longer. If the Finish authorities ask for more documents, the processing time will take longer.
Do You Have to Buy Health Insurance for a Finland work visa?
YES. You have to buy health insurance valid in Finland and all the other Schengen states. It must cover all your medical expenses for 30.000 EUR. Please make sure that the insurance company you purchase insurance from is valid in Europe and Finland. The other point is that in the case of visa denial, you should return the insurance to the company. So determine if they have this option on the insurance or not.
Finland Work Visa Interview
During your visa appointment, you have to go through an interview. The visa officer will ask you a few questions. You should answer all the questions with patience. Try to be a bit strong while being friendly and honest. You should know that the fate of your visa rides on this interview. If the Finish officials doubt that you won’t leave the country after the given time or intend to do something illegal, your application might get rejected. The questions might be as following:
- The place you live
- Previous work experience
- Marital status
- Your hobbies.
- Your ties to your home country
- Does anyone will travel with you
- Financial means
- The companies you have worked for
- Why you have chosen Finland to work
- The plans for further
- will you return to your home country after your work permit gets expired
Let’s sum up …
In this blog, we explained all you need to know about a Finland work visa.
We covered whether you need a Finland work visa or not, a Finland work permit, requirements, application, validity, fees, FAQs, etc.
You can check the Visa Library to find more information about other countries’ visas.
In case you have some experience, please write it down in the comment section. Your comments let the readers choose better and avoid mistakes. Conveying your experiences as comments is a great help for applicants.